When I petitioned my lodge a number of years ago, the brother who conducted my investigation explained a bit about how a lodge is governed. As I recall, he said that it is like a dictatorship. What the master says and orders is the rule, as long as it is within the rather loose confines of the Masonic law. Here in Virginia we have our Methodical Digest, which is the book of Masonic law, dictating what we can and cannot do in our lodges. The law prohibits some things and prescribes others, but most lodge rule devolves to the Master.
What I always found interesting is that, while the law establishes the bounds of the world we live in, it really leaves a lot of what we do up to the subordinate lodges. The Grand Lodge has a number of publications on best practices and how a master should run his lodge, but when the rubber meets the road, it is up to one person to decide what happens.
The same brother who conducted my investigation was clear to tell me that everyone hopes that the master will continue building and running the lodge in the way our forbears did, but that there are no guarantees. This is a dictatorship, not a democracy. What we hope the master will do is take the advice of the members and officers, and seek wise counsel from his colleagues and those who have come before, but he is not obligated to do this beyond what his conscience dictates.
The Master Rules and Governs
The master is the head of his lodge. What he says effectively becomes the law, as long as it is otherwise Masonically legal. He is also in charge of the lodge’s money and can order various expenses paid. That is a lot of power to put in one person’s hands, and although technically the master is above questioning, even Solomon the Wise had good and trusty assistants and advisors who would whisper good counsel in his ear.
I know of a case in which the Master of a lodge decided that he wanted to have a special event for his officers so they could bond more and thus work together better, so he bought the line officers a weekend in Las Vegas. Was that within his power? Yep. Was it responsible? No way. Future years of leadership struggled quite a bit to right that ship. This action went against the general guidance that the Master is to be a good steward of the lodge’s property and money, but it was technically within his power to do this.
In another lodge, a master ordered an expense paid and the treasurer refused to pay it on the grounds that it was frivolous and had nothing to do with the good of the lodge or Masonry as a whole. In this case, the treasurer was out of line by refusing to obey a lawful order, but he was acting in the best interests of the lodge. There were no Masonic charges levied, thank goodness, but I fear what such action might have resulted in. The treasurer was right to advocate for the lodge’s interests but the master was right in expecting his order to be followed. These are obviously conflicting interests.
The Bottom Line
The worshipful master has the final say in all things, according to Masonic laws in every place I know of. However, that does not mean that the master is always right or is as wise as we would like someone in that position to be. Disagreements will happen in lodge about the validity of a ruling the master makes. In these cases, we need to respect the station and avoid personal piques and quarrels. However, we also need to look out for the best interest of the lodge and know when to stand up and challenge authority in a respectful yet firm manner.
However, before you go challenging the master, ask yourself why you want to do it. If this is about the $100 donation to the food bank that you think should be given instead to the homeless shelter, maybe you should bite your tongue. If it is about the trip to Las Vegas the master is planning as an officer’s retreat, definitely stand up and say something. As a member of the lodge, you should have a say in how the lodge’s money is spent. The master should entertain discussion in all large expenses, but that is a best practice, not a rule.
We live in a dictatorship when we are in lodge, for good or bad. The way to curtail negative or foolish actions is to elect someone you think would not act like that. The same is true in business. It is a whole lot easier to not hire someone than it is to fire that person.
“I’ll have you understand I am running this court, and the law hasn’t got a damn thing to do with it!” -Bro. and Senator Sam Ervin during the Watergate hearings